Before dying, what arrangements did Toyotomi Hideyoshi leave behind to limit Tokugawa Ieyasu’s power?

Friends who are familiar with Japanese history know that Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Edo Shogunate by usurping the regime of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and finally destroyed the Toyotomi family. However, Toyotomi Hideyoshi is also a generation of heroes, and he is not unwarranted of Tokugawa Ieyasu’s ambition and strength. So what arrangements did Toyotomi Hideyoshi leave behind to limit Tokugawa Ieyasu’s power before his death? This ghost will talk about the words of the family next.

Due to Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s mistakes in his later years and the congenital deficiencies of Toyotomi’s family, Toyotomi Hideyoshi did not want to and could not eliminate Tokugawa Ieyasu before his death, and he had to rely on Tokugawa Ieyasu. Therefore, on the one hand, Toyotomi Hideyoshi must give Tokugawa Ieyasu the power and status to be in charge of state affairs; on the other hand, he must prevent Tokugawa Ieyasu from becoming too powerful and replacing the Toyotomi family. Toyotomi Hideyoshi left two major political arrangements for this before his death:

First, before his death, Toyotomi Hideyoshi established a collegiate system of important ministers centered on the “Five Elders (御宗宗公) and Five Blessings (徐年宗宗)”. Although Tokugawa Ieyasu is the chief of the “five elders and five adherents”, major decisions must be made by the elders through collegiality. In this way, Tokugawa Ieyasu could not only help the young Toyotomi Hideyori handle government affairs, but his personal power was limited by the collegiality of ten important ministers.

Second, the Japanese political center of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his later years was Fushimi Castle (Momoyama), so it is called “Momoyama Era”, and Toyotomi Hideyoshi himself died in Fushimi Castle. However, before Toyotomi Hideyoshi died, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Mrs. Yodo, Maeda Toshiie, Beizhengsuo and others moved into Osaka Castle, while Tokugawa Ieyasu stayed in Fushimi Castle. In this way, Tokugawa Ieyasu was geographically separated from the center of the Toyotomi regime.

In addition, although Tokugawa Ieyasu stayed in Fushimi Castle, the management of Fushimi Castle was in the hands of Fushige, headed by Maeda Gen. In this way, Tokugawa Ieyasu, who stayed in Fushimi Castle, could not “take the emperor to order the princes” through Toyotomi Hideyori who stayed in Osaka Castle, and even his personal movement and safety were restricted by the policy. Even if Tokugawa Ieyasu had the heart of disobedience, it would be difficult for him to threaten Toyotomi Hideyori of Osaka Castle.

In addition to the above two main political arrangements, Toyotomi Hideyoshi also left some auxiliary arrangements to restrict Tokugawa Ieyasu before his death, such as asking Tokugawa Ieyasu to write an oath of allegiance, establishing laws and regulations to restrict Tokugawa Ieyasu from making friends with other daimyos, etc. wait. However, Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s political arrangements before his death failed to really restrict Tokugawa Ieyasu, and eventually the Tokugawa family replaced and destroyed the Toyotomi family.

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